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Joint UNRCs Trade Facilitation and Paperless Trade Implementation Survey 2015: Global Report

This report features the results of the first UNRCsJoint Survey on Trade Facilitation and Paperless Trade Implementation. This global survey was initiated in September 2014 by the United Nations Regional Commissions (UNRCs) i.e. ECA, ECE, ECLAC, ESCAP and ESCWA to collect data and information on trade facilitation and paperless trade implementation from their respective member states. Conducted in collaboration with OECD, ITC, and UNCTAD as well as several sub-regional organizations, the survey aims to enable countries and their development partners to better understand and monitor progress in trade facilitation, support evidence-based policy-making, identify good practices and define capacity building and technical assistance needs. It provides a forward-looking overview of the current state of trade facilitation implementation in 119 economies across 8 regions worldwide, including some of the key trade facilitation measures featured in the WTO TFA Agreement, as well as more advanced cross-border paperless trade measures.

Trade Process Analysis Database (TPAD)

UNNExT Business Process Analysis (BPA) of Trade Procedures has proved to be an effective tool to provide detailed understanding of international trade transactions, and is regarded as the first step to be conducted before undertaking other trade facilitation measures. Over 50 import and export processes have been studied using BPA since 2009 by international organizations such as ESCAP, ECE, ADB, and their member states.

World Bank International Trade Cost Database

The ESCAP Trade and Investment Division, in support to the ARTNeT research programme on trade facilitation, initiated development of a bilateral trade cost database in 2010 in an effort to increase understanding of the cost of trading between countries in Asia and the Pacific and beyond. The trade cost measure, based on Novy (2012) , is a comprehensive all-inclusive measure based on micro-theory and calculated using macro-economic data, providing an alternative measure of trade facilitation performance. Following release of a first version of the database in 2010 using trade and GDP data, an improved and expanded version 2 was released in December 2011 - based on gross output data and providing sectoral trade cost estimates for about 100 countries.